What's New? – Recent Updates & Additions

May 19, 2022

PSB Lists

I've added "Ich bin Musik" to my list of Pet Shop Boys "singles" that weren't, although in this case it might be more accurate to call it a "Tennant-Lowe 'single' that wasn't."

Song Annotations

Thanks to Enrico Faggiano from Bologna, Italy (whom I've just added to my Thank You page) for offering yet another possible reason for Chris saying "Cinque" in "Paninaro" and "Paninaro '95"—that it may be a reference to the Italian television station Canale 5, which was especially popular among young people at the time. I've noted this possibility in an expansion on my pre-existing bullet-point annotation to "Paninaro" on this subject.

Updates / Corrections

Thanks to Andrea Grasso for alerting me to a couple of recent typos that I've now corrected: one in the aforementioned annotation to "Paninaro" and the other in my new "What Is Their 'Signature Song'?" page.

May 18, 2022

Thanks

Having received his permission to do so, I've now added David B to my Thank You page in recognition of his contribution of information yesterday (see just below). Thanks again, David!

May 17, 2022

Song Annotations

Thanks so much to David B for telling me about an anecdote from director Ken Russell's 1989 autobiography that may well have inspired a line in the Pet Shop Boys' song "I Wouldn't Normally Do This Kind of Thing." I've noted this in an expansion on the pre-existing first bullet-point annotation to my commentary on that song.

May 12, 2022

PSB Extras

In the mood for a little fun, I've created a brand new page in my "Extras" section titled "What Is Their 'Signature Song'?" While the question is a real one, I also don't take it very seriously, which is reflected in the somewhat playful tone that I've adopted there. I hope you enjoy reading it as much I did writing it.

Song Annotations

Following up on my update yesterday with regard to the occurrence of the word "Cinque" in "Paninaro" and "Paninaro '95," another of my regular Italian site visitors, Matteo, takes issue with Stefano's interpretation and has provided me with his rationale. I won't go into the details. Suffice it to say that there appears to me to be room for reasonable disagreement. So I've noted this difference of opinion in my annotation on this subject. As I note there, all we can do is speculate about it unless Chris were to state clearly at some point precisely what he meant in saying "Cinque" in those tracks.

May 11, 2022

Song Annotations

Thanks to Stefano D. (whom I've added to my Thank You page) for sharing his input with regard to Chris's use of the word "Cinque" in "Paninaro" and "Paninaro '95." He makes an excellent case for it not referring to the German fashion brand by that name but rather it being "slangish" shorthand for "Dammi il cinque" ("Gimme five") or "Batti il cinque" ("High five"), which were apparently popular expressions in Italy in the late 1980s. I've noted this observation in the pre-existing bullet-point annotation for "Cinque" in my commentary on "Paninaro."

May 10, 2022

Songs That the Pet Shop Boys Have Performed Live

The Pet Shop Boys have now completed their first date (in Milan) on their oft-delayed Dreamworld "Greatest Hits" Tour. So, based on information coming in on their Milan setlist, I've updated my page devoted to (SPOILER ALERT!) songs that the Boys have performed live. Don't click on that link or visit that page anytime soon if you're among those fans who are planning to go to an upcoming show and would prefer for the setlist to remain a surprise! Please keep in mind, however, that the information I've provided there is tentative and will remain so for as long as the tour continues. Songs may be added or subtracted, which would result in changes to the information I've already posted. I'll be sure to make any necessary adjustments as I learn about future performances.

Personal Observations

Thanks to Stuart R for telling me about a brief but fascinating video on YouTube about the concepts underlying the highly innovative (and still, after all these years, unique) design of the original CD jewel case for the PSB album Very.

May 9, 2022

PSB Lists

Thanks to Javier Richarte for letting me know that a very brief snippet of "Domino Dancing" can be heard in a 2002 episode of the Argentinian television series Los Simuladores (The Pretenders). I've now added this occurrence to the entry for that song at #35 in my list of Pet Shop Boys songs used in non-musical TV shows and films.

May 8, 2022

PSB Lists

Sometimes all it takes is a nudge. When several days ago I created and posted my new list of the least likely subjects for pop songs that the Pet Shop Boys nevertheless turned into pop songs, I had very seriously considered including "Fugitive." I thought about it long and hard. But I decided against it because I figured that it being essentially a direct respone to the 9/11 attacks made it not so much an "unlikely" subect. I mean, it was quite timely, and its timeliness made it perhaps "likely." But I was definitely sitting on the proverbial fence about it. Well, earlier today regular site visitor Matteo wrote to me about it, wondering why I hadn't indeed included "Fugitive." That set me to rethinking my decision, and I ultimately decided to go ahead and include that song after all. So I've now added "Fugitive" to that list along with a brief elaborative note. Thanks so much for the nudge, Matteo!

Song Annotations

Thanks so much to Alan O. for sharing with me his superb observations, arising mainly from his own research, about the song "Suburbia." His email has inspired me to expand greatly on my annotations for this song, drawing upon Alan's research as well as Neil's own comments about the lyrics as recorded in the booklet that accompanied the 2001 reissue of the album Please. In addition to the pre-existing first three bulleet-point annotations, I've now added five new bullet points that will help elaborate upon the real-life inspirations for the lyrics. Alan summarized his observations quite effectively: "In conclusion, 'Suburbia' narrates a tale of racialized police violence and its resulting backlash, and the ineffectual responses made by police and mass media to the subsequent riots. Knowing the 1981 Brixton riot inspired the song contextualizes its central characters as Black, and Neil's role in the song as just a sympathetic narrator."

Updates/Corrections

Thanks to Raymond Merkh for catching a typo, now corrected, on my page devoted to the song "No Excuse."

May 6, 2022

PSB Lists

Thanks to Stella for letting me know that the 1989 release "Rock This Place (U.K. Club Mix)" by U.S. rapper Mr. Lee contains a sample from "Opportunities (Let's Make Lots of Money)." I've now added it at #35 in my list of tracks by other artists that sample the Pet Shop Boys. If you would like to hear Mr. Lee's track for yourself, it's available on YouTube. The PSB sample appears right at the start (and may possibly continue throughout in abbreviated form as part of the underlying percussion).

May 4, 2022

A World of Pet Shop Boys Fans

I'm very pleased to see that a new country has just been added to my home page's "Flag Counter" routine, indicating that sometime over the past 12 hours or so I've had my first-ever site visitor from French Guiana (Guyane) in South America. So I've now added French Guiana to my "A World of Pet Shop Boys Fans" page and I've updated its map appropriately. I extend a very hearty welcome to my French Guianan visitor!

PSB Lists

Surprising myself, I've been in a mood lately to create a few new lists. First there was "Early titles for PSB songs." Now, today, I've posted a list that I've been contemplating for quite some time but never got around to until now: "The least likely subjects for pop songs that the Pet Shop Boys nevertheless turned into pop songs." It's meant to be a fun one, so I hope you enjoy it!

And thanks to Alan O. (whom I've added to my Thank You page) for letting me know about a new item to add to my list of PSB tracks that contain samples of other artists' music. Now appearing at #7 in that alphabetical list is "The Man Who Has Everything," which takes a vocal sample from the 1977 song "Let No Man Put Asunder" by First Choice—most likely from a 1983 remix by Shep Pettibone. (If you would like to hear this sampled line, "Come on and get you some more," in its original context by First Choice, it's available on YouTube; you can hear it at about 3:47 in that recording.)

May 3, 2022

Updates/Corrections

I received my copy of Annually 2022 in the mail yesterday afternoon, so I spent much of the rest of the day reading it and making assorted updates here on my website based on information therein. Among these additions:

I believe I've also made a few other scattered minor adjustments, but those are the only "major" things that I remember doing.

Incidentally, I'm very pleased to point out that my 2022 copy of Annually arrived quite a bit more quickly than in past years. It took only about two weeks to reach me, whereas in past years it has, more often than not, taken a month or more. And, unlike last year, I didn't even choose the more costly "expedited" delivery option this time! From what I've heard from several of my site visitors, that more-prompt-than-usual delivery is proving typical this year. I wonder whether Neil and Chris, in response to past delivery issues, made a change in who was in charge of distribution. Whatever the case, it's a most welcome change for the better, isn't it?

Meanwhile, thanks to Steve N. for suggesting that I mention in my brief notes about the song "Can You Hear the Dawn Break?" (where it appears in my list of unreleased songs) that a brief excerpt of it, recorded back in the early 1970s, could be heard during Neil's recent appearance on the BBC Radio 4 program This Cultural Life. I've followed his advice.

PSB Covers

Thanks to Francisco B. for telling me about a new remake of "It's a Sin" by U.S. pop singer Thom Parrish. I've now noted this on my page that lists covers of Tennant-Lowe songs, and if you would like to hear it for yourself, it's currently available on the ReverbNation website and elsewhere online. I think it's quite good, but (as you probably know) I sure wish artists would reach more often deeper into the Pet Shop Boys catalog.

May 2, 2022

PSB Lists

I've managed to add just a few more entries to my list of early titles for Pet Shop Boys songs. And while doing so, I decided to add, at the bottom of the list, a pair of little bonuses: early (or at least prosective) titles for PSB albums and early titles for other "PSB works."

April 29, 2022

PSB Lists

While continuing to conduct research aimed at expanding my list of early titles for Pet Shop Boys songs—and, yes, I've added a few more songs since yesterday—I've stumbled upon a few other facts that have moved me to make some other additions. For one thing, I've added "Motoring" to my list of PSB songs that the Boys themselves apparently dislike and, for another, I've added "Euroboy" to my list of their songs for which the Boys have acknowledged the influence of specific tracks by other pop artists.

April 28, 2022

Updates/Corrections

I determined that my new list of early titles for Pet Shop Boys songs would probably be more user-friendly if it were organized alphabetically by the final released song titles rather than by the preliminary titles, as it I had originally organized it. I've also been able to find a number of additional songs (more than a dozen) to add to the list since I first posted it. I've now made those adjustments.

April 26, 2022

PSB Lists

I've spent several hours today working on a brand new list, which I've now posted in my lists section. It's "Early titles for Pet Shop Boys songs." Please note that I have no doubt whatsoever that this list is not yet comprehensive and complete. Surely some additional early/working titles that I've overlooked for released PSB songs will come to light in the days and weeks ahead. In fact, I wouldn't be one bit surprised if some of you, my site visitors, are able to point out some such oversights. So I'll be pleased to add to this list as I become aware of any other "missing" early song titles, whether I discover them on my own or do so through your valuable input. But if you do contact me about any possible additions, I would greatly appreciate your sharing with me the source of your information (for instance, a PSB-related publication, such as an interview with them or something that they themselves have written about their songs) so that I can double-check on it for myself. Thanks!

April 25, 2022

PSB Lists

Thanks to Richard Firth for letting me know about a brief parody of the Pet Shop Boys song "Shopping" by the British professional competitive eater known as Beard Meats Food. I've listed it at #51 in my list of PSB performance parodies. If you would like to see it for yourself, it's available on YouTube, right at the start of the linked video.

April 23, 2022

On This Day in PSB History

Thanks to Edwin Green for telling me about an event that took place on July 16, 1985, in which the Pet Shop Boys made one of their earliest live appearances onstage at London's Camden Palace. After separately verifying this fact, I've added it to my "On This Day in PSB History" page, although of course it won't show up there until July 16 rolls around again.

PSB Lists

Over the past few days I've busied myself with scattered minor additions and adjustments. I won't bother listing all of them here, but I do want specifically to call out the additions of "Nervously," "Nightlife," "Opportunities (Let's Make Lots of Money)," and "Why Don't We Live Together?" to my list of studio tracks on which Neil plays guitar (very strong cases based on "reading between the lines" of information shared by the Boys through the years plus the credits for those songs) and of "Sexy Northerner" to my list of Neil's succinct statements as to what various songs are "about." In the latter list I also changed the quotation listed there for "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" simply because I found an alternate statement by Neil that I liked far more than the one I had there before.

April 21, 2022

Personal Observations

Because I live in the United States, many of you will undoubtedly receive your copy of Annually 2022 before I receive mine. I kindly ask that you not send me emails telling me about information that you've read in it that you believe I ought to mention here on my website. In other words, please, no spoilers! I would very much prefer being able to read these things for myself, even if I'm not able to do so for several weeks yet. Thanks so much for understanding!

April 20, 2022

Personal Observations

Thanks so much to Stacy M. for pointing me to a terrific YouTube posting that enables us to hear the pertinent excerpt of the legendary December 12, 1991 Electronic gig at Wembley Stadium during which the Pet Shop Boys appeared as guests to perform "The Patience of a Saint," "Disappointed," and "Getting Away with It." The sound quality leaves something to be desired, but it's more than adequate. This sound file has apparently be up on YouTube for nearly two years, but this is the first I've heard of it. Thanks again, Stacy!

April 19, 2022

PSB Lists

Having discovered (thanks to a statement from Neil's diary excerpted in Issue 25 of the Pet Shop Boys' erstwhile fan publication Literally) that I had previously overlooked it, I've added "Searching for the Face of Jesus" to my list of PSB tracks that feature Johnny Marr as a guest musician.

April 16, 2022

PSB Lists

Thanks to PDUBOKC for letting me know that "Opportunities (Let's Make Lots of Money)" can be heard in almost its entirety during a recent episode of the Apple TV+/HBO series WeCrashed. I've noted this fact in the entry for that song at #6 in my list of Pet Shop Boys songs that can be heard in non-musical films and television shows.

Incidentally, Happy Easter tomorrow to those of you who observe the holiday!

April 14, 2022

PSB Set Lists

Thanks to Matteo for noticing an inconsistency that I've now tried to address. You see, here on my website, in discussing the setlist for the DiscoVery shows and VHS/DVD releases, in some places I had listed "Paninaro" while in other spots I listed "Paninaro '95." Which is it? Well, there's a reason for the confusion. The releases themselves list the original "Paninaro." And, to be sure, the arrangement and instrumentation of the song as it's performed in the DiscoVery shows more closely resemble the original. But in those performances Chris also raps the new lyrics he had composed for "Paninaro '95," lyrics that did not appear in "Paninaro." So I believe this performance represents a transitional phase between "Paninaro" and "Paninaro '95." In other words, it's not quite purely one or the other, but something in between. Left to my own devices, I'd be inclined to list it as "Paninaro '95" since, in my opinion, those new lyrics are indicative of the newer version of the song despite its older arrangement. But since DiscoVery itself states just "Paninaro," I'll go ahead and follow suit. I'm adding a new note about it, however, on my Pet Shop Boys Set Lists page. Thanks again, Matteo, for bringing up this somewhat confusing matter and spurring me to discuss it.

In Memoriam

It occurred to me earlier today that my "In Memoriam" page was absent someone who played a rather significant if somewhat indirect role in the Pet Shop Boys' history, if for no other reason because he inspired a number of their songs, including at least one of their very greatest. I've rectified this oversight by adding Christopher Dowell, placed first since people are listed there in chronological order of their passing. I also expanded a bit on what I have to say about Tom Watkins.

April 13, 2022

PSB Extras

Several site visitors have written to ask why I hadn't mentioned Neil's recent honorary doctorate from Durham University. I hadn't mentioned it here merely because I felt it had been quite adequately covered in other online outlets, most notably on the Pet Shop Boys' own website. But earlier today I received an email from Dr. Stephen Mumford, Professor of Metaphysics in the Department of Philosophy at Durham University, sharing the text of his oration presenting Neil at the ceremony and granting me permission to reproduce that text here on my website. I've decided to take him up on his very generous offer. I've therefore created a new page, "Neil Tennant's Honorary Doctorate," in my PSB Extras section. Thanks so much to Dr. Mumford for supplying the text of his speech as well as for his kind words about my website.

My Other Favorite Artists

Thanks also to Andrew Shaw for pointing out that Jodi Linscott, who had previously worked with the Pet Shop Boys, served as support percussionist for The Who during their recent show for the Teenage Cancer Trust. I've noted this fact among the "PSB Connections" for The Who on the page devoted to my other favorite artists.

April 11, 2022

My Other Favorite Artists

Thanks to Victor Rodrigues, whose name I've just added to my Thank You page, for letting me know that Chris Lowe shares with the late Richard Wright the fact that they're both keyboardists who also play the trombone. I've noted this as a new second bullet point among the "Pet Shop Boys connections" for Pink Floyd on the page that lists my other favorite artists.

April 10, 2022

PSB News

The Guardian has just run a very interesting article that reveals how Neil, during the pandemic lockdown, went back and revisited a number of his old folkie pre-PSB songs, newly recording them on his guitar. He then shared them with Chris, who apparently wasn't particularly impressed, indicating that he didn't think they were quite right for the Pet Shop Boys. So Neil appears undecided at this time as to whether he will ever release them as solo recordings or whether they will simply remain "in the can." Personally, I very much hope that Chris changes his mind and decides nevertheless to contribute to their eventual release. Thanks so much to my longtime personal friend David Dennie (whom I've known since our college days, more than 45 years ago!) for bringing this article to my attention.

April 6, 2022

PSB Lists

To my list of tracks by other artists that sample the Pet Shop Boys I've added, at #34, the 2021 recording "West End Town" by the Greek band The 5th Galaxy Orchestra. Although it's not really a cover of "West End Girls" (hence I'm not adding it to my list of remakes of Tennant-Lowe songs), it does "interpolate" that PSB classic, and it comes right out and samples a portion of Neil's "rap." If you would like to hear this interesting track for yourself, it's available on YouTube.

April 5, 2022

Updates / Corrections

Thanks to Rafael Moretti for alerting me to a few typos, now corrected, in my commentary on "Purple Zone" and in my list of the early tracks that the Pet Shop Boys recorded with Ray Roberts and Bobby 'O' Orlando.

Mixes/Versions

Thanks to Matteo for calling into question the "official" status of the "Extended Mix" of "A Man Could Get Arrested." It has long and widely been listed online (including here on my website) as an officially released mix, yet there doesn't seem to be any record of it appearing on anything other than bootlegs and online. Because of this uncertainty, I've newly added a note to my longtime mention of it as an official mix, making this question a matter of record. Perhaps someone will be able to provide additional information one way or the other about this mix.

PSB Lists

The Pet Shop Boys' official website has announced that they themselves and their song "West End Girls" are featured in a new ad campaign for CK1 Palace. I've noted this in the pre-existing entry for that song at #3 in my list of PSB songs that have been used in TV commercials.

April 4, 2022

Updates / Corrections

Thanks to Raymond Merkh for catching and reporting a typo, now corrected, on my page devoted to the song "A Red Letter Day."

April 1, 2022

Mixes/Versions

Thanks to Daniel B. for raising a question about the 7-inch vinyl single version of Liza Minnelli's "Don't Drop Bombs" (written and co-produced by the Pet Shop Boys, of course) that I wasn't able to answer very well, but which was sufficient to lead me to add a note about it citing some confusion about it.

That being said, I've received a number of emails over the past few months concerning similar matters of, for lack of a better phrase, "version minutiae." I have to confess that I'm becoming less and less able and/or inclined to address such matters. Chalk it up to my (to be blunt) advancing years and growing health concerns, and a corresponding decrease in patience and perhaps even cognitive abilities. I'm apologize, but that's just the way I am these days. I'll do my best, but my best in such matters may not be very good.

Annotations

I've lately heard from a number of my site visitors with regard to different meanings of the phrase "purple zone." From my perspective, these have little if anything to do with how that phrase is used in the new Soft Cell/PSB collaboration and don't really add to our understanding. If anything, they only add confusion. So, rather than try to detail all of these different meanings, I've simply stated the fact that there are such "alternate purple zones" in a new annotation to my commentary to the song. Thanks so much to those of you who have written to me about it.

March 31, 2022

Mixes/Versions
Annotations

Thanks so much to several site visitors for bringing some interesting points to my attention:

  • Matteo for telling me about an obscure unique edit of "It's Alright" released on a Mexican promo single, which I've noted in my Mixes/Versions section for that song.
  • Simon Glästad for discovering a fascinating fact about the phrase "Like a law repealing itself" from the lyrics of "Happiness is an Option," which I note and elaborate upon in a new annotation to that track. This also inspired me to insert another new annotation regarding another phrase, "My body a prison," in that same song.
  • Javier Richarte and C.M. for detailing some parallels between the "Purple Zone" music video and other Pet Shop Boys videos and songs. Several others had already written to me about Chris's little "domino dance," which I had mentioned here previously, but Javier in particular went deeper, so to speak, discovering other possible references. I'm not at all sure these are intentional, but they're intriguing nonetheless. So I describe these in a new annotation for that song.

March 30, 2022

Mixes/Versions

Thanks to Sam Draper (whose name I've just added to my Thank You page) for supplying timing information for the original Soft Cell "solo" rendition of "Purple Zone," which I've added to my page devoted to that song.

Personal Observations

I've suddenly started receiving a great many emails from site visitors—almost certainly triggered by the recent release of "Purple Zone"—offering input and suggestions. Unfortunately, I currently have huge other demands on my time for reasons that I would prefer not to go into. Because of this, the time I can devote to this website right now is very limited. I do promise to get back to everyone who writes to me, but I'll be somewhat longer in responding than usual. I ask those of you who write to please be patient if it takes me a day or two to respond. Thanks!

March 29, 2022

Mixes/Versions

Thanks to a tip from a site visitor who prefers to remain anonymous, I now have the timing for the Manhattan Clique remix of "Purple Zone." I've therefore updated my page for that song accordingly.

March 25, 2022

Updates / Corrections
Mixes/Versions

Thanks to Matteo both for noting a typo, now corrected, on my page for "Je T'Aime… Moi Non Plus" and for pointing out that there are two different versions of this Pet Shop Boys/Sam Taylor-Wood collaboration, which I've listed in a newly added Mixes/Versions section for that track.

March 23, 2022

Mixes/Versions

Thanks so much to Erik H. for so quickly helping to clear up that brief (and admittedly minor) mystery regarding the different names by which two of the Pet Shop Boys' remixes of "Purple Zone" have been identified. As now revealed on the Soft Cell website, the Club Mix and the Club Dub are indeed the same tracks as what had previously been described on the 12-inch vinyl single respectively as the Pet Shop Boys Remix and Pet Shop Boys Remix Dub. I've modified the Mixes/Versions section of the "Purple Zone" page accordingly. I've also added "Purple Zone" to my page that lists the Pet Shop Boys' work as remixes. Since the Boys are credited as "co-artists" on this collaborative release, I've listed it as a remix of their own track (with a brief explanatory note regarding Soft Cell) as opposed to their remix of another artists' work, though I'll be the first concede that this is a gray area, so to speak.

March 22, 2022

New Releases
PSB Videos

Today sees the digital release of "Purple Zone," including its music video. I've made a few updates to my main entry for the song and I've added it to the "peripheral" section of my page devoted to the Pet Shop Boys' music videos. The reason that I've placed the video in this secondary position is because I had previously done the same for the PSB/Robbie Williams collaboration "She's Madonna." I do at least try to be consistent, though I may not always succeed. I may change my mind, however, since, after all, the Boys don't even appear in the Williams video, whereas they're quite prominently featured in this new one. I'll mull that over. By the way, thanks to Eddie Xavier for pointing out Chris's little "domino dance."

Song Annotations

Thanks to Marek J. (whom I've just now added to my Thank You page) for sharing a number of observations, two of which I've decided to make note of here on my website. First, Marek observed that the word "mad," as in "Yesterday, When I Was Mad," can have two very different meanings, which I touch upon in a new first annotation to that song. Second, Marek noted some text in the song "Hell" that makes me think of a famous line by the French writer/philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. I delve into this in a new annotation to that song as well.

March 21, 2022

New Releases
Mixes/Versions

Thanks so much to Rob Bainbridge for letting me know that advance orders for the Soft Cell/Pet Shop Boys collaboration "Purple Zone" can now be placed on the Lexer Music website. It's available in two physical formats: a 12-inch vinyl single and a CD single. The information provided there reveals four PSB remixes as well as one additional remix by Manhattan Clique. I've therefore added a new "Mixes/Versions" section to my page devoted to this release.

March 20, 2022

Mixes/Versions

Following up on my recent posting on this subject, I was confident that one or more of my site visitors would be able to clarify the mystery that I described regarding the "David Morales Remix" and "Red Zone Mix" of "Where the Streets Have No Name (I Can't Take My Eyes Off You)." Sure enough, regular site visitor Eke Webb conducted a side-by-side comparison of the two mixes using audio software and discovered that there is indeed a slight difference in the speed/tempo of these two otherwise essentially identical mixes. The difference in tempo is so minor that it's virtually imperceptible to the "naked ear." But the audio software indicates that, on account of this variance, it takes less than a minute for the rhythm of the two mixes, when played simulataneously, to become noticeably out of sync. Over the course of more than six minutes, a difference in length of several seconds emerges. This is compounded by the David Morales Remix having a very slightly more extended fadeout. So I've made note of this finding in my Mixes/Versions section for that song. And thanks so much, Eke, for solving this mystery!